HURRY Describe the following theories and how they contributed to the science of psychology: Empiricism

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Question:

HURRY Describe the following theories and how they contributed to the science of psychology: Empiricism Structuralism (and introspection) Functionalism Early experimental psychology

Answers

Empiricism:

This school of thought theories that all sources of knowledge are gotten from the senses, such as what we hear see, feel, or touch.

In summary, it believes that knowledge can only be gotten from experience. Empiricism was theorised by John Locke.

Structuralism:

Structuralism in psychology was theorized by Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener.

This school of thought believes that the mind can be explained or analysed by defining and explaining human experiences.

Functionalism:

This aspect of psychology is attributed to Charles Darwin and it focuses on how human behaviour have changed over the years and what caused the changes.

Early experimental psychology:

This aspect of psychology was founded by Wilhelm Wundt early in the 1900s and it is based on scientific methods and experiments to try and explain the human mind.

Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. It is an academic discipline of immense scope. Psychologists seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and all the variety of phenomena linked to those emergent properties, joining this way the broader neuro-scientific group of researchers. As a social science, it aims to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.[1][2]

When psychology was first established as a science separate from philosophy, the debate over how to explain human behavior and analyze the mind began. The first two psychological theories to emerge during this time were structuralism and functionalism. While neither theory exists today, both made important contributions to the development of modern psychology.

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Explanation:

Both structuralism and functionalism were important theories in their time and were among the first formal psychological theories. Structuralism influenced the development of experimental psychology and was a theory that began shaping psychology as a separate field. Functionalism appeared as an answer to structuralism.

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