How is it that when a salt sample dissolves in water, the delta s for the process is positive?

3 answers
Question:

How is it that when a salt sample dissolves in water, the delta s for the process is positive?

Answers

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Water is highly ordered. In water each oxygen atom is connected to others around it through hydrogen bonding via bridging hydrogen atoms. When a salt like NaCl is dissolved, some of these Hydrogen bonds break.

When a salt like NaCl dissolves in water, the NaCl breaks in to ions Na+ and Cl-.

The water molecules now surround these ions.

The slightly negative oxygen end of water molecule gets near the Na+, while the slightly positive Hydrogen of water molecule gets near the Cl-.

So before salt sample dissolve, the water molecules were highly ordered due to hydrogen bonding. Now after salt dissolve there is a decrease in order and thus an increase in disorder of the water molecules.

Due to increase in disorder, entropy which is a measure of disorder increases. Since entropy increases, delta S for the process is positive.


[tex]How is it that when a salt sample dissolves in water, the delta s for the process is positive?[/tex]

answer: c. the experiment shows that the red substance experienced a chemical change.

explanation: chemical change is the change in which chemical composition of the substance changes. physical change is the change in which there is no change in chemical composition.

chemical changes are accompanied by following changes:

a) precipitate formation

b) energy is released or absorbed

c) formation of bubbles

d) change in color

as it is given that the red color has disappeared and there is production of gas, it means the red substance has undergone a chemical change.

e

a:

by the combination of an unlimited number of elements

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